Главная
Строительство дома - важнейшее событие в жизни любого человека. Когда мы строим дом, мы вкладываем не только время и деньги, но и частичку души. Поэтому, жилье всегда будет отражением своего владельца. Дом - это место где мы нужны и желанны, дом - наша крепость и убежище, дом - символ достатка и благополучия.
  • Место под рекламу

    реклама

    Видео дня

    реклама

  • How to build a house of sleepers?

    1. Can I live in a house of sleepers?
    2. How to build a house of sleepers?
    3. Home decoration
    4. A photo

    Habitual building materials nowadays are expensive

    Habitual building materials nowadays are expensive. Therefore, people with a limited budget have to turn their attention to unusual ways of housing construction. Old railway sleepers have been used for decades. And the house of the sleepers with their own hands - the most economical version of the construction of solid wood.

    Sleepers are bars of coniferous wood, impregnated with a special compound - creosote. This mixture of phenols is used as an antiseptic, it protects the timber in the ground from rotting and reproduction of bacteria, as well as damage by insects and rodents.

    Houses made of sleepers are warm and dry, withstand earthquakes well, unlike brick or panel ones. For the construction of a single-storey log house of 10x10 m, about 350 strong pieces of wood without surface defects will be required. You can buy them in the nearby railway offices that perform repair of the tracks. It is now massively replacing wooden parts to reinforced concrete. Second-hand dealers are also engaged in the sale of outdated supports, but, as you understand, their prices are 2-3 times higher than the nominal prices.

    Can I live in a house of sleepers?

    House

    Creosote is a chemical compound that is dangerous to humans. Its fumes cause swelling of the face and hands, and direct contact with the skin can cause burns. There is even evidence that it has carcinogenic properties and may cause cancer. Is it safe to live in a house soaked with a similar substance?

    First, you can only use old sleepers, lay down in the ground. The average time of their service is 15 or 20 years. During this time, under the sun and rain, wood loses most of the impregnation and unpleasant smell. In such samples, the content of chemistry is less, and they are cheaper.

    Note! You can not build from new unused sleepers. The smell of fresh creosote is sharp and steady, it will haunt you constantly, intensifying in hot weather. A mixture of phenols is an oily liquid that can seep through any layers: putty, wallpaper or plaster - and leave yellowish stains on the walls.

    Secondly, careful finishing on the inside will be needed to reduce the risk of contact with residual fumes. The outer walls around the perimeter are sewn up from the inside with a membrane that prevents creosote from entering the room. Outside, on the contrary, a well ventilated facade is arranged. When erecting internal partitions, it is better to abandon the sleepers and use plain wood or other materials.

    Thirdly, the methods of manufacturing and processing rail supports differ. Some products are soaked with antiseptic through, others - only 3-5 cm. For building needs, it is preferable to take the latter.

    How to build a house of sleepers?

    Fastening sleepers

    Having dealt with building materials, let's talk directly about installation:

    • For the building of sleepers, as well as all wooden houses, it is enough column supports. If a basement or basement is planned, then a strip foundation is poured around the perimeter. A waterproofing layer must be laid along the top of the tape or grillage before laying the log house.
    • The first wooden row is fastened to the concrete base with long bolted in bolts with a pitch of 1 m. The parallel bars are laid flat, wide-sided onto each other. This increases the consumption of material, but so the house turns out to be warmer, and the frame is even and dense, without large gaps.
    • Sleepers are of several types, with different geometrical parameters, therefore for each row it is necessary to select parts of the same size. Neighboring blocks are connected "in the spike" and fastened with building brackets.

    Sleepers corner stacking

    • Between the rows of sleepers are fixed with pins or iron brackets at both ends. Holes for them are drilled indented 50–70 cm from the ends.
    • When performing masonry, the vertical is checked on the inside of the walls by level and plumb. Irregularities outside hide the facade.
    • At the corners of the log house every 3 beams strengthen metal squares. Also, to give the structure stiffness on each side, diagonally nail steel strips 4 mm thick and 20–30 mm wide.
    • In the walls between the window openings sleepers can be installed vertically. The gaps between the bars compacted and warmed, filling the gaps with tow or glass wool.

    Home decoration

    Interior decoration of the house

    A log house made of dark worn wood does not look too elegant, so in conclusion, finishing is necessary on both sides.

    The inner lining is designed to protect creosote vapors from entering the room. A foamed polyethylene film with a thickness of 200–300 μm is suitable as a durable insulating material (also inexpensive).

    Note! All seams and joints must be carefully glued with construction tape or filled with foam.

    Then the crate is packed over the membrane and drywall is fixed. All the cracks and the junction of the sheets to the window and door openings are carefully puttied with glass fiber cobwebs. To enhance protection against odors, you can additionally coat the primed plasterboard surface with paint.

    To enhance protection against odors, you can additionally coat the primed plasterboard surface with paint

    Ventilated facade layout

    From the outside, the structure of the sleepers requires a ventilated facade with the possibility of weathered antiseptic. For this reason, for external insulation of the house, it is better to take mineral stone wool, rather than foam, and similar materials - the wall should “breathe”.

    First, a vertical crate is made of bars with a section of 50x50 mm. A heater is fixed between them; therefore, it is advisable to choose the grid spacing according to the width of the roll or plate. From above the heat insulator is closed with a windproof membrane. Then, in order to ventilate the facade and free evaporation of chemical impregnation and moisture, it is necessary to leave a small air gap between the finishing layer and the insulation.

    Therefore, an easy kontrobreshetka of 30x30 mm wooden slats is installed. The decorative decoration of the house is attached to it. The most commonly used metal or vinyl siding. Another option is wooden or PVC lining or facing brick.

    A photo

    Creosote Impregnated Sleepers Creosote Impregnated Sleepers   Laying the third row   Sleepers in construction   It is necessary to make a ventilated facade Laying the third row Sleepers in construction It is necessary to make a ventilated facade. See also:

  • Who can sell vegetables from the country?
  • Can you be fined for using manure?
  • Hedgehog - pest eater. What is the use of such a neighbor in the country?
  • What is hilling for?
  • Feed the tomatoes. Why fertilize the beds with fish?
  • Why do unusual flowers form in a tomato?
Наверх

Реклама