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  • Datura - growing from seeds at home, flowering

    1. 1. Datura - landing and care
    2. 1.2.Transfer derman
    3. 1.3.Flowering time
    4. 1.4.T. temperature
    5. 1.5.About the announcement
    6. 1.6.Care at home
    7. 1.7. Ground
    8. 1.8. Diseases and pests
    9. 1.9.Fer Fertilizer
    10. 1.10. Watering
    11. 1.11. Spraying
    12. 2. Species:
    13. 2.2. Indian Indian - Datura metel
    14. 2.3. Treeline Datura or brugmansia - Brugmansia
    15. 2.4. Dope bore - Datura ceratocaula

    Botanical name: Datura.

    Flower dope - family . Solanaceae .

    Where is growing . Tropics of America, Europe and Mexico.

    Tropics of America, Europe and Mexico

    Description. Datura or dope - what is this plant? Datura is a large perennial herb - shrub or branched tree with large, funnel-shaped flowers. The stem of the plant becomes older with age. The leaves are large, ovate, gray-green, up to 12 cm long, in some varieties the leaves are wavy. Leaf blades have fine pubescence. When damaged, the leaves often produce an unpleasant odor. In summer, Datura acquires yellow, red, pink or white large flowers with fused petals up to 20 cm in diameter. The flowers open at night and in about a day they will fade. Currently, there are many two-colored varieties, as well as varieties with terry flowers of great beauty. After flowering, the plant forms light green round or ovoid fruits with a diameter of up to 5 cm. With small spikes. Blooming dope looks great.

    Blooming dope looks great

    Height Up to 1.5 m

    1. Datura - landing and care

    1.1.Reproduction, growing from seed

    Semi-matured stem cuttings in spring or summer. Seeds are sown at about 16 ° C in early spring. In fact, growing from seed is not difficult.

    1.2.Transfer derman

    Datura is growing quite rapidly and young specimens need an annual spring transplant with an increase in the volume of the pot. Try to carry it out from the moment new leaflets appear until the active growth phase begins. In large adult specimens, they simply change the top often to fresh ground.

    1.3.Flowering time

    Blossoms for a long time - from March to November.

    1.4.T. temperature

    In spring and autumn, the usual room temperature will do. In the winter period of rest, it is desirable to place the plant in a cooler place with a temperature of about 10 - 12 ° C. In spring and autumn, the usual room temperature will do

    1.5.About the announcement

    Choose a datura very well lit place, while avoiding direct sunlight on the plant.

    1.6.Care at home

    After flowering, side shoots are cut to two thirds of their length. Plants can lose some of their leaves in winter, but this is easily replenished in spring.

    1.7. Ground

    Nutritious, loose and well-drained soil.

    1.8. Diseases and pests

    Sharp temperature changes and exposure to cold drafts are likely to lead to falling leaves. The plant is rarely attacked by insects - pests, only occasionally the appearance of the whitefly and red spider mites.

    1.9.Fer Fertilizer

    Approximately every week during the period of active growth. For spring dressing, use fertilizers with a high nitrogen content, and go to feed with phosphate fertilizers as the summer progresses, to encourage long-lasting and abundant flowering.

    1.10. Watering

    Keep the soil wet throughout the year, but slightly reduce the frequency of watering during the cold season. Do not overdry earthy coma, however, an excess of water in the fall and winter can cause plant rot.

    1.11. Spraying

    Spray periodically with water at room temperature.

    Purpose Large spectacular kadochny plant for large spaces.

    Note Datura is a poisonous plant, and all parts of the plant contain poison. Symptoms of poisoning include intense thirst, hallucinations, high fever. Be very careful when contacting this plant and, of course, do not leave it alone with children and pets.

    Hydroponics .

    2. Species:

    2.1. Datura ordinary or stinky - Datura stramonium

    Annual tall herb, which can reach 60-150 cm in height. It has a vertical, powerful, thick, abundantly branched stem. The leaves are green, toothed, reach a length of 20 cm. When damaged, the leaves and stems emit a fetid odor. The leaf blades are dark green, with a lighter green shade on the underside. Funnel-shaped flowers with fused petals, very attractive, have a pleasant aroma, reach a diameter of 70 cm, open at night. Shades of flowers include white, cream, purple. After flowering, the plants form small oval seed capsules with a diameter of 3 to 8 cm, covered with numerous sharp spikes.

    2.2. Indian Indian - Datura metel

    Depending on the climate, the plants can be either annual or perennial, reaching a height of 90 cm. The stems are strong, offensively branched, often covered with slight pubescence. The leaves are glossy, dark green, up to 20 cm long, with large teeth at the edges and a whole network of leaf veins. Streaks on the surface of the sheet plates highlighted a lighter shade. The flowers are very large, single, reach a diameter of 15 to 20 cm, have a pleasant aroma, open in the evening and at night, can be simple or terry. Shades of flowers include white, yellow, lilac, dark purple and pink. The outer side of the petals has a short pubescence.

    2.3. Treeline Datura or brugmansia - Brugmansia

    Brugmansia - winding vine with long stems, on which dark green oblong-oval leaves are alternately arranged. Some varieties have teeth on the edge of the leaf plate and leaves, pubescent with fine hairs. In summer, buds appear at the ends of the branches, which later turn into white, pink or yellow tubular gorgeous, often single flowers up to 25 cm in length. Flowers have a strong smell, sometimes with citrus notes, which intensifies in the evening and fills the entire room. Brugmansia is distinguished from datura by the fact that its flowers seem to be wilting, while at the same place they are arranged vertically. There are variegated forms of Brugmansia.

    2.4. Dope bore - Datura ceratocaula

    Tall, annual, herbaceous plant up to 1 meter. Stems branched, green, thick, glossy, hollow inside. The leaves are green, oblong lanceolate, large-toothed, arranged on the stems next. The lower surface of the leaf plates has a slight pubescence. The flowers are fragrant, funnel-shaped, very large - reach a diameter of 15 to 20 cm. The flowering period is very long - lasts throughout the summer until mid-autumn. Petals of flowers are painted in white, purple, yellowish tint. After flowering, the plants form pear-shaped seed boxes with a glossy smooth surface.

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    Datura or dope - what is this plant?